Fibre, also known as dietary fibre or roughage, is a type of carbohydrate that is not broken down by the digestive system. Unlike other carbs, fibre passes through the stomach, small intestine, and colon relatively intact.
There are two types of fibre: soluble and insoluble. Soluble fibre dissolves in water and forms a gel-like substance in the digestive tract, while insoluble fibre does not dissolve and adds bulk to stool.
Fibre offers a range of health benefits, including improved digestion, weight management, and lower cholesterol levels. It can also help reduce the risk of certain diseases, such as heart disease, diabetes, and some types of cancer.
Fibre is found in a variety of plant-based foods, including fruits, vegetables, whole grains, nuts, and seeds. Some examples of high-fibre foods include apples, berries, broccoli, beans, lentils, quinoa, and chia seeds.
If you’re looking to increase your fibre intake, start by adding more fruits and vegetables to your meals. Opt for whole grains instead of refined grains, and snack on nuts and seeds. It’s also important to drink plenty of water to help fibre move through your digestive system.
While fibre is generally considered safe and beneficial, consuming too much fibre too quickly can cause digestive discomforts, such as bloating, gas, and diarrhoea. It’s important to increase your fibre intake gradually and drink plenty of water to help mitigate these side effects.
Fibre is an essential nutrient that offers a range of health benefits. By incorporating more high-fibre foods into your diet, you can improve your digestion, manage your weight, and reduce your risk of certain diseases. Just remember to increase your fibre intake gradually and drink plenty of water to avoid any potential side effects.